Finance Lending
4 mins read

Mortgagee vs Mortgagor – What is the Difference? 

Q: What is the difference between a mortgagee and a mortgagor?

A: A mortgagee is a lender or financial institution that provides a loan to purchase a property. A mortgagor is a borrower who receives a loan, using their assets as collateral. Both parties enter into a mortgage agreement which details their respective responsibilities.   

What is a mortgage? 

A mortgage is a legal agreement between the mortgagor (borrower) and mortgagee (lender), where the mortgagor obtains a loan to purchase a property, using the property as collateral. The mortgagee has a legal interest in the property until the loan is fully repaid.  

This a legal contract that outlines the terms and conditions of the loan. It will typically include details such as the loan amount, interest rate, repayment period, payment schedule, collateral for the loan, default terms, fees and charges, prepayment options, insurance requirements and other provisions.  

A mortgage is a significant financial commitment and it is essential to understand the difference between mortgagee vs mortgagor, their respective legal rights and responsibilities, as well as the terms and conditions of the agreement.  

What is a mortgagee?  

It can be confusing trying to distinguish between a mortgagor and mortgagee. The mortgagee is the lender (typically a financial institution such as a bank or credit union) that provides funds to the borrower to purchase a property.  

The mortgagee holds a legal interest in the property, as security for the loan, until the loan is fully repaid. If the borrower defaults on the loan, the mortgagee may have the right to take possession of the property and sell it to recover the outstanding debt.  

What is a mortgagor? 

In a mortgage agreement, who is the mortgagor? The mortgagor is the borrower – they receive funds from the lender to purchase a property, and use this property as collateral for the loan.  

 The mortgagor has a legal responsibility to repay the home loan over a set period of time, with interest rates and repayment periods outlined in the agreement.  

Differences between mortgagor vs mortgagee  

FunctionLender – lends money to mortgagor to purchase a property Borrower – borrows money and uses the property as collateral for the loan
Legal rights/ownershipHolds legal interest in property as security for the loan, until it is completely repaidHas equitable interest in the property – i.e. right to use and occupy the property, and benefit from any increase in value
Responsibilities/paymentEnsures loan is repaid with interestMakes loan payments according to terms of agreement
Fees and chargesMay charge fees and interest on the loanPays property-related expenses – e.g. property taxes, insurance, maintenance costs
Contractual obligationsMust provide loan funds to mortgagor and ensure that the loan is secured by the propertyMake loan payments on time and maintain the condition of the property

How do mortgages work? 

Mortgages are a type of loan for individuals who are purchasing a property. They use the property as collateral to secure the loan. The lender (mortgagee) provides funds to the borrower (mortgagor) in order to purchase the property. The borrower (mortgagor) repays the loan with interest, over a period of time as specified in the agreement.  

This is how mortgages work: 

  • Application: The mortgagor applies for a loan from the mortgagee. The mortgagee reviews their personal and financial information (such as assets, income and credit history) and determines their creditworthiness and ability to repay the loan.  
  • If the application is approved, both parties sign a legal agreement outlining the terms and conditions of the loan.  
  • The mortgagor purchases the property using the loan. The mortgagee places a lien on the property and has a legal claim to it.
  • The mortgagor makes regular payments to repay the loan and interest over a specified period of time.
  • If the mortgagor fails to make their payments, the mortgagee has the right to seize the property and sell it to recover unpaid debt.  

What are the main different types of mortgages? 

There are different types of mortgages available. It is important that mortgagors understand their options, in order to choose the best mortgage for their financial circumstances and needs.   

The main types of mortgages are: 

  • Variable rate mortgage: 

The interest rate can fluctuate over time, based on market conditions and the lender’s policies. This means that the mortgagor’s monthly repayments can also change. While this is more flexible than fixed rate mortgages, it may be more difficult to budget for.   

  • Fixed rate mortgage: 

The interest rate is fixed for a set period, usually between one to five years. The mortgagor’s repayments remain the same for that period, providing more certainty. However, there is less flexibility and they will not be able to benefit from any dips in interest rates.  

  • Split rate mortgage: 

A combination of a variable rate and fixed rate mortgage. The mortgagor can divide their mortgage into different parts, enabling them to benefit from both the flexibility of a variable rate and stability of a fixed rate.  

  • Interest-only mortgage: 

The mortgagor only pays the interest portion of the loan over a certain period of time, typically between one and five years. Their loan payments are lower during this period, but they will need to repay the principal amount at the end of this period.  

  • Line of credit mortgage: 

The mortgagor can access equity in their home as a line of credit. This means they can access a set amount of funds from their mortgage, to be used for expenses such as home renovations, investments, or other purposes. They will be charged interest on the amount borrowed.  

  • Offset mortgage: 

The mortgagor’s account is linked to their savings or transaction account. When calculating interest charges, the balance of this account is offset against their mortgage balance. This can help them reduce interest payments and pay off their mortgage faster. 

Where should you go to find more information if you are ready to apply for a loan? 

If you are ready to apply for a loan, start by doing some research on different lenders, such as banks, credit unions and online lenders, and their various loan products. You may want to seek professional advice and speak to a mortgage broker who can help you compare home loan options, provide guidance, and assist with your application. You could also consider speaking to a financial advisor who will help to assess your financial situation, risk tolerance and goals.  

It is important to understand your different options to find the best solution for your specific financial situation and needs.  

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business lending finance lending Lending Insights
Michael Pollack
Head of Media & Communications
Michael joined CreditorWatch in July 2021. He has more than 20 years’ experience in business journalism, marketing and communications strategy and digital content development. He is passionate about communicating to the business community how CreditorWatch’s product suite can help them grow and protect their companies.
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